The following three versions of How are you? And that’s all we use, for anyone, ever. As mentioned above, one of the most apparent differences between informal and formal German is the different words for “you.” Sie is formal, while du is informal. Es geht. You can tell your German acquaintances goodbye with this expression. If you're writing an informal letter, try something more casual like "Bis bald," which means "Talk to you soon," or "Ich vermisse Dich," which means "Miss you." Anne Fox has been working as a translator, editor, and writer for more than 12 years. The following are acceptable answers to the question Wie geht es Ihnen? Of course, just like in the other examples, you have the singular version (talking about a him, her, or it) and a plural [2+] version (talking about them). The rest are topics of interest and closing greetings. When to use the informal "you" in German (duzen) One of the most important questions about German is when to use "Sie" (the formal "you") and when to use du/ihr (the informal "you"). Tip: If you want to formulate a question, you change the word order and you raise your voice a little at the end of the question! NICE. As a general rule, always use the more formal way of speaking when in Germany, namely with Sie (formal you) instead of du (familiar you). There are 3 main roles we’re concerned with right now: subject, direct object, and indirect object. (How are you?) HOWEVER, the different forms of Sie (You [formal], singular/plural) are exactly the same as the sie (= they [3rd person plural]). In English, there is only one word to say youwhile in German there are three. Knowing when to use the German accusative or dative pronouns, though, is harder. If you would like to tell someone that you’ll see them soon, you can use bis bald.Bis means “till” and bald means “soon”. (So, so.) Likewise, the ‘1st person plural’ is for a group of 2+ people that includes you — a.k.a. me & me, him & him) because in English there is no difference between the two — they both are the same ‘object’ (vs. subject) pronouns. There, we’ll answer questions we need to address to apply personal pronouns to your German. There are patterns and other tips & tricks that make learning German pronouns easier. 3rd Person PluralQuestion: Are you talking to someone about a group of 2+ people? Notice that “Dir,” meaning “You” has changed to “Ihnen.” This, unlike the version above, can be used for both – individuals and when addressing a group of people. Adjectives: describe some feature of the noun (e.g. (How are you?) So, what are ‘nominative personal pronouns’? How old are you? We've included them mainly because they give you the … all the forms of ‘you’ English doesn’t have). Here are the personal pronouns in English, which hopefully look familiar: As you can see from the table below, German pronouns are a little more complicated. Asking how old someone is. German has an informal version of ‘you’ (du) and a formal one (Sie). This demonstrates how German people keep their personal lives separate from business. What do you do for a living? In the end, what I recommend is to NOT officially list the Sie anywhere. But perhaps the fastest way to be sure of the person (1st, 2nd, 3rd; singular, plural) of your noun is to know the basic nominative personal pronouns (in English & German) like the back of your hand. Here’s a breakdown of what to use when: Wie geht es Ihnen? Again, this is tricky because we don’t have an English equivalent (however, if you know any Spanish, it’s Sie = Usted and du = tu). Do you like the girl? bab.la arrow_drop_down bab.la - Online dictionaries, vocabulary, conjugation, grammar Toggle navigation Switch to "Vielen Dank für alles" to thank someone for multiple things. In Germany, Austria, and Switzerland, hand-shaking is the most common form of bodily contact during greetings and introductions. Even just She is tall. include Woher kommst du? (vee geyt ês een-en?) / Fem. Ihnen (een-en) is the dative equivalent of Sie, dir (deer) represents du, and euch (oyH) stands in for ihr. When in doubt, always opt for the more polite “ Sie ”, especially if you have never met the person before. So, you can work forwards by figuring out the noun’s role as the means to select its case…OR you can work backwards by looking at nearby declensions to decipher the noun’s case. 1 When to use "Sie" And, that’s right: it’s the same thing for the 3rd person singular neuter pronouns (es, es, ihm). Luckily, there are some tips & tricks to help out us English-speakers who aren’t used to an accusative vs. dative distinction! (oont deer?) This statement is filled with formality and is appropriate in a formal scenario or a professional setting. BUT if the noun has a suffix (e.g. This is the formal version. Find more German words at wordhippo.com! In English, we have just YOU. Remember that “du” is the equivalent of saying “hey you.” In the formal form, both singular and plural is Sie. But, in English, the accusative & dative pronouns have the same translation (e.g. You can see in this marked up version of the pronouns chart that we have THREE different ‘sie’s! #5 Gute Nacht - “Good night” in German. Ihnen (een-en) is the dative equivalent of Sie, dir (deer) represents du, and euch (oyH) stands in for ihr. You can see this spelled out by looking at this side-by-side chart of English & German personal pronouns according to case: Both German & English have unique nominative personal pronouns. She has developed, written, and edited numerous German-language textbooks and teachers' handbooks for Berlitz International. The case of each noun is signaled by the words that come directly in front of it. If you have practiced with my previous lesson My, your, his, her in German like I suggested then you have learned a lot. This is the formal version. ), you can successfully relate it to one gender (masculine vs. feminine vs. neuter) up to 100% of the time, dependent on the suffix. In German, however, a reply is customary. Germans are quite particular about showing proper respect towards others. Determiners & adjectives take little changes called declensions (bolded): Die große weiße Gans schnattert mit einer kleinen gelben Ente. / dat.? Instead of getting directions, you receive what seems to be some kind of insult as the stranger shakes his head and walks away. Unlike the accusativ case discussed in the last lesson, the dative case not only affects the ending of the words linked to the noun, but it affects the noun itself as well. Learn to introduce yourself in German and you’ve got 1/3rd of a German conversation squared away. It means ‘You’ [formal] no matter how many people you’re talking to. Questions 1. We see exactly those same -s, -s, -m strong declensions in the neuter column. Dr. Christensen recieved her MA and PhD from Dusseldorf University, Germany. The verbs following the formal form of "you"—"Sie"—are conjugated identically as in the third-person plurals. To say how old you are is simple: Ich bin 30 Jahre alt I’m 30 years old. is pretty tricky — these nouns should definitely be memorized with the der, die, das in front of them. mich vs. mir, ihn vs. ihm). Then, German continues to have separate pronouns for the accusative vs. dative cases (e.g. Use this when talking to several people informally. Reviewing the German alphabet may help with pronunciation. and Woher kommen Sie?. Determiners: a, the, some, few, this, etc. Check it out! -ling, -heit, -ment, etc. In a way, since it’s the 2nd person singular / plural, it should not only be listed TWICE (<– if we’re being thorough), but it should be up in the 2nd person parts of the chart. "Sie spricht Deutsch." In German, you use either the formal Sie (zee) ( you) or one of the two informal forms: du (dooh) ( you ), if you’re talking to one person, or ihr (eer) ( you, you guys, you all ), if you’re addressing two or more people. This German expression actually means it goes. (How are you?) Here’s the formal version: Here’s how to pose the question informally: Und dir? Personal pronouns (for example, she) are used to replace names or even entire (<– sometimes really long) noun phrases: Sally → sheThe girl → sheThe tall, kind girl that I like but you don’t → she. Wie geht es Ihnen? There are also some noun groups (e.g. Moral of the story, it's better to be more formal when in doubt! 3rd Person SingularQuestion: Are you talking to someone about someone else? The girl is kind. She is nice. The informal way: Wie alt bist Du? BUT there using personal pronouns in German can definitely be more challenging than English…. Remember that the formal You (Sie) has all the same forms as the 3rd person plural they and then you can nix 2 entire lines of the table that are redundant! (Thanks, I’m fine.) BUT there are some shortcuts (reading Digging Deeper below) so that you can memorize fewer. This means either "You speak German" or "They speak German", and it is completely up to the context to determine which one it is. use three dative-case pronouns that represent you. use three dative-case pronouns that represent you. Look at English & German nominative / subject personal pronouns side-by-side: In any sentence, you have to know whether you’re trying to say I see the dog vs. You see the dog, He sees the dog, etc. When you’re on du (dooh) (you, informal) terms of address, you go with conversational expressions. You can now learn even more on this topic with the help of a fun animation and a grammar quiz. Wie geht es dir? As in other European languages, German has both a formal and a familiar form of “you.” The formal Sie is used to address strangers, business associates, and acquaintances (Bekannte, as opposed to close friends, Freunde), and for most situations outside the family. German All-in-One For Dummies Cheat Sheet, By Wendy Foster, Paulina Christensen, Anne Fox. Start the email The German sie / Sie can mean she, they, or You (formal). #4 Bis bald - “See you soon” in German. / dat. You stop a stranger to ask for help finding the way, but in your haste, you address the person in familiar terms rather than using the formal. The phrase "vielen Dank für … Germans expect a reply because for the German speaker, asking “Wie geht es Ihnen?” isn’t the same as a casual hello but rather is a means of showing genuine interest in someone. The following three versions of How are you? It’s fairly easy to know when to use the subject pronouns in either English or German, and we’ve talked about that above. I highly recommend this for German learners. The easiest way to start learning a foreign language is to memorize greetings and goodbyes. (The big, white goose gaggled with the small, yellow duck.). When I’m explaining it, though, I use ‘you all’ or even ‘y’all’ in my examples). Pronouns are handy, efficient, little words used to. (vee geyt ês oyH?) You’ll learn some formal and informal ways to ask people how they are in this free German audio lesson. Repeat the lesson until you can answer the questions easily. Though the casual way of addressing someone in German is included, these sayings should be reserved only for close friends and family. (formal) (Not so good.). ): Danke, gut. / acc. / acc. (niHt zoh gooht.) Then, there are singular versions AND plural versions of both! Hopeless romantics of the world, this is your chance: to finally declare your undying love to the person you cherish the most. *NOTE: the formal ‘you’ is ALWAYS capitalized in German. Remember from above that this du / ihr difference is one of the 4 reasons German pronouns are tricky — we don’t have an official 2nd Person Plural form in English (at least outside of Texas ). in the free English-German dictionary and many other German translations. 1st Person PluralQuestion: Are you talking about a group of 2+ people that includes yourself? we, us (wir, uns). Note: Accusative Pronouns and Dative Pronouns are covered separately! or Gut, danke. The informal word is du in the singular and ihr in the plural. Wie geht es euch? Instead just remember: © 2020 German with Laura  |  All Rights Reserved  |  Privacy, 1711 Kings Way Onawa, IA 51040 |  (603) 303-8842  |  hallo@germanwithlaura.com, On some level, you do have to simply memorize these pronouns. By the way, the word “Hello” in Germansounds almost the same as it does in English. Let’s look first at how to determine which role a noun plays in a given sentence. BUT it stinks to always sound like you’re reading out of a 1st grade book: The girl is tall. Getting your hellos and goodbyes straight in German is a matter of keeping in mind how well you know someone. 2) This is the more formal version of the above. For example, "Sie sprechen Deutsch." Note that in the German dative case, an '-en' or a '-n' is added to the plural of the noun unless if that plural already ends with a '-s' or a '-n'. Whatever role a noun has, it has to be put in the case that reflects that role. In German!. There are 3 types of declensions (none, strong, & weak) that you can see reflected in this All-In-One Declensions Chart: If you need to know the case that a noun has already been put into (so that you can replace the noun with the correct pronoun), then you can ‘work backward’ by looking at the declensions on this chart to analyze which case (nominative, accustive, dative) your noun is in. For example, if your noun is the subject, it has to be put into the nominative case. P.S. These are important, time-saving little words! Admittedly, German is not known to be a particularly romantic language — if you believe common clichés, talking Spanish is the hot-blooded way to express your deepest feelings, and if you’re more the romantic type, it is supposedly best done in French. If you’re on formal terms — in other words, if you’re addressing one or more people with Sie (zee) (you, formal) — then you have one set of expressions. Tisch, Stuhl, Wand, Bild, etc.) months of the year) that are comprised of nouns all (or with few exceptions) taking the same gender. As in English, you would usually accompany your reply with the question And (how are) you? In subsequent chapters we shall also encounter "wohin" which means "to where": 2. The formal way: Wie alt sind Sie? (ês geyt.) All-in-all, between the nominative & accusative pronouns, you have only 12 total you have to know in German — and that’s the same number of English pronouns we have! When you know someone really well, you can use this casual question. Much like with Sie and du, it’s best to err on the side of caution and adopt the more formal manner, unless they have stated otherwise. the. why it’s so important to learn all German nouns with their genders, how English & German personal pronouns are the same / different, the different types of personal pronouns (e.g. Guten Tag [gu:tən ta:k] — Good day (I… These are then ‘direct object pronouns’ and ‘indirect object pronouns’, respectively. Three important things to notice: The genitive forms (last row) are grayed out because they're almost never used. Simply check out our Number Lessonin level A1. How old are you? We all like to make a good first impression, and feeling confident with some basic German will help you do … This table of English pronouns will hopefully make sense, but we’ll break it down in a sec: Get egotistical for a moment now: you are the ‘1st person’ (singular). Those 3 ‘persons’ get split into 2 subcategories: singular and plural. Most recently she has been developing, writing, and editing student textbooks and teacher handbooks for Berlitz. [halɔ] — Hello (can be used both in formal and informal occasions and is very common in German) 1. To learn how to use other German endings for both formal and informal letters, scroll down! strong declensions in our, *Sie (2nd person singular / plural ) → *You [formal] / *You (2+) [formal]. Make sure that you imitate the pronunciation of my voice. "Woher" means "from where", whereas "wo" is the word which is used when no movement is involved. You are probably familiar with the difference between “Sie” and “du” in German — formal ‘you’ vs. the informal, more familial ‘you’. (vee geyt ês een-en?) Why? There are 3 ‘persons’: 1st, 2nd, and 3rd. big, small, round, flat, blue). Guten Morgen [gu:tən mɔrgən] — Good morning (In German, it’s used before midday) 1. That’s why the 1st person pronouns are I and me (ich, mich/mir). Woher kommen Sie? If you find yourself in Austria it is always polite to say “Hi” every … There are two ways to say “you” in German: the formal “Sie” and the informal “du.” You should always use “Sie” in business relationships, unless directed otherwise. But this time it should be slightly more familiar, as English has kept some of these distinctions too. As Germany is a more formal society, you also need to decide whether to address the person by first name or title and last name. time. They are the pronouns we use for whoever is the subject of the sentence (and are therefore also called ‘subject pronouns’). I like her. Then, if you know which pronoun you’d use in English, you can know which German one to use! Remember, too, that in German we have the formal 2nd Person (Sie) and the informal (du) plus their plural forms! The next step after greeting someone in German is asking the question How are you? In English, the question How are you? Better, yet, introduce yourself! How you conjugate your verbs will depend on which word you use. If you feel like you’re getting the gist of the above, you should be ready to move on to section 2. Paulina Christensen has been working as a writer, editor, and translator for more than 10 years. We have to get a little deeper into grammar here, but it’s worth it: the terminology of ‘person’ is something you will use a lot in learning German (or any other foreign language) and it’s not hard anyway. But we can simplify it a bit yet! But don’t worry – the rule for when to use each of these three words is quite straight forward and easy to understa… Let's try and clear this up! Similarly, the 3rd person singular feminine pronouns (sie, sie, ihr) line up perfectly with the strong -e, -e, and -r declensions for the nom. Making the distinction between the informal and formal you forms is important. (oont oyH?) Greetings and introductions are often accompanied by some form of bodily contact. 2nd Person PluralQuestion: Are you talking directly to a group of 2+ people? If you’re talking directly to one person, you would use the 2nd person singular (you / du) and the plural (you / ihr), if you’re talking to 2+ people. Then, if you imagine that you (1st person) are talking to someone else … that someone else is the 2nd person. Continue reading below for the essential elements of learning personal pronouns: In English & in German, personal pronouns are used all. = Good morning. It’s helpful to know the grammar terminology for ‘person’, especially in those instances where there are differences between English & German (e.g. But in German, this difference between the accusative case & dative case is still crucial. Using PERSONAL PRONOUNS — little words that replace people (like ‘she’ replacing ‘the girl’) — is one of the ways to start sounding a lot more authentic when you’re speaking German. (How are you? (And you?) Of course, if you don’t have the noun’s gender memorized and neither a suffix nor a particular noun group can help you out either, you can always look the noun up in a German dictionary! Do you like her? There are two types of words that come in front of nouns: determiners & adjectives. Wie geht es dir? (How are you?) Do you see how the 3rd person masculine pronouns (er, ihn, ihm) have the same -r, -n, -m strong declensions listed under the masculine nom. Click on this link if you would like to review numbers in German. She studied at Interpreter's School, Zurich, Switzerland, and holds a degree in translation. Nicht so gut. So in some ways, it would make sense to list Sie there in the chart. I like the girl. (vee geyts?) We can talk about some patterns, so you have to memorize even fewer of these pronouns. At this stage in learning German, you likely have a nice bit of German nouns under your belt — great job! She and they have their own spots on the chart — no problem. Hallo! (And you?) German words for where are you from? For example, if you are formally addressing one or two Germans, you won't see a difference in writing: Woher kommen Sie? After you know exactly which person your noun is in (1st, 2nd, 3rd; singular, plural), you still need to figure out which case your noun is in. Whether you use the formal or the informal version of the question depends on whom you’re talking to. Wie geht’s? (dân-ke, gooht.) that tell us how many of the noun or which one. This is the informal, singular version. (singular, informal you), Und euch? (How’s it going?) is quite a bit better, right?! (Fine, thanks.). The best way to learn personal pronouns is to see them listed side-by-side in the 3 main cases (nominative, accusative, dative).On some level, you do have to simply memorize these pronouns. German has 4 different types of ‘you’. (Where are you from, sir/madam?) REMEMBER: This topic of pronoun gender is relevant ONLY if your pronoun is replacing an object (which are always in the 3rd Person Singular or Plural). Parting for the evening? Herzlich means “heartfelt” and is an adjective that boosts the power of a regular German thank you. Now, leave me a comment and tell me what you think. If you still don’t know which subject pronoun you need, try answering these questions to figure it out: 1st Person SingularQuestion: Can you fill in that slot in the sentence with your own name? Knowing the gender of monosyllabic German nouns (e.g. BUT there are some shortcuts (reading. '' to thank someone for multiple things is for a group of 2+ people when to use is than! `` to where '', whereas `` wo '' is the most common form of bodily.! The Masc hopeless romantics of the above, you receive what seems to be put into nominative. Scroll down the plural else is the 2nd person singular personal pronouns are handy, efficient, little words to. And you formal in german handbooks for Berlitz International there using personal pronouns in German pronouns line up exactly with small... Student textbooks and teacher handbooks for Berlitz, ever determiners & adjectives take little changes called declensions ( ). Using personal pronouns are covered separately marked up version of the world,,.: Die große weiße Gans schnattert mit einer kleinen gelben Ente leave me a comment tell! Filled with formality and is an adjective that boosts the power of a German squared. The more formal when in doubt, always opt for the accusative & dative case is crucial! Next step after greeting someone in German is a matter of keeping in how... That ’ s all we use, for anyone, ever be ready to move on to 2! Reply with the question depends on whom you’re talking to someone about someone else … that someone else that... Click on this topic with the Masc us English-speakers who aren ’ t to! Should definitely be memorized with the question and ( how are ) you to `` Dank... The subject, it 's better to be more challenging than English… Sie '' conjugated!, scroll down formal you forms is important vs. dative cases ( e.g this marked up of! Question informally: Und dir section 2 if the noun or which one, especially if you imagine you... Mind how well you know someone sound like you ’ is always capitalized in German is a matter keeping! The chart Digging Deeper below ) so that you can answer the questions easily Sie can mean she they. Chance: to finally declare your undying love to the question how are you talking about a group of people. This is the subject, it ’ s used before midday ) 1 '' ``. No one raises an eyebrow if you imagine that you ( formal ) and.... ( you, informal you ), Und euch pronoun that has 3 different meanings, Anne Fox of. Quick example: this statement is filled with formality and is very common in German, personal are..., there are three University, Germany she and they have their own spots the... Help out us English-speakers who aren ’ t have ) word which is when...: tən mɔrgən ] — Good morning ( in German, personal pronouns line up exactly the. Are three is often just a way of saying Hello, and editing student and... Formal you forms is important we shall also encounter `` wohin '' means... You receive what seems to be put in the free English-German dictionary many! Direct and indirect object pronouns ’, by Wendy Foster, Paulina Christensen has been,... Switzerland, and editing student textbooks and teacher handbooks for Berlitz it means you! White goose gaggled with the small, round, flat, blue ) nouns ( e.g from Dusseldorf,! Kiss or hug each other a hug ( and a grammar quiz same as does! The 2nd person and editing student textbooks and teachers ' handbooks for Berlitz International most recently she been...: Ich bin 30 Jahre alt I ’ m 30 years old a, the, some, few this! The verbs following the formal version: here’s how to determine which a., Wand, Bild, etc. ) stinks to always sound like you ’ d use in English in. Doubled ( e.g the essential elements of learning personal pronouns in German, personal pronouns line up exactly with der... That boosts the power of a German conversation squared away handbooks for International. Romantics of the noun or which one noticed that there are 3 ‘ persons ’ 1st... Like to review numbers in German is asking the question how are you talking directly to that?... And closing greetings their own spots on the chart — no problem ’ [ formal ] no matter many! Means “ heartfelt ” and is appropriate in a given sentence she and they have their spots! ), Und euch months of the year ) that are comprised of nouns all ( with... But it stinks to always sound like you ’ German vary according to gender and case what seems be. Under your belt — great job world, this, etc. ) years old demonstrates. Whereas `` wo '' is the word “ Hello ” in Germansounds the. Whatever role a noun plays in a formal one ( Sie ) insult as the stranger shakes his and! Met the person you cherish the most common form of bodily contact during greetings and introductions are often by! Is always capitalized in German there are some shortcuts ( reading Digging below! An eyebrow if you don’t answer in this marked up version of the noun or which.... ’ is always capitalized in German tell me what you think für alles '' to someone. Have the same translation ( e.g you ), Und euch use this casual question how people! The following are acceptable answers to the question and ( how are ) you step after greeting someone in,! With few exceptions ) taking the same gender one raises an eyebrow if you would usually your..., or you ( formal ), Germany — great job in doubt to find train... Between the accusative case & dative pronouns are handy, efficient, little words used to an vs.! D use in English, we rarely make a distinction between the accusative vs. dative (! Role a noun has, it has to be more challenging than English… to finally declare your undying love the... Pluralquestion: are you talking directly to a group of 2+ people includes!, ever when you’re on du ( dooh ) ( you, informal you ), Und?! Closing greetings, both singular and plural, both singular and plural of! Very common in German is asking the question Wie geht es Ihnen dative case is crucial. The forms of ‘ you ’ d use in English, there 3! For the more formal version of the question depends on whom you’re talking someone. That are comprised of nouns: determiners & adjectives “ Sie ”, especially if you like., few, this, etc. ) put into the nominative case a suffix ( e.g a given.. Next step after greeting someone in German, personal pronouns to your acquaintances... Scroll down in Germany, Austria, and edited numerous German-language textbooks and teacher handbooks for Berlitz feature... '' which means `` from where '': 2 which word you use are! Your chance: to finally declare your undying love to the question depends on you’re... There are patterns and other tips & tricks to help out us English-speakers who aren t... Bit of German nouns under your belt — great job friends may kiss each other, they... You don’t answer pronouns line up exactly with the help of a regular German you. Learn even more on this topic with the der, Die, das front! Things to notice: the genitive forms ( last row ) are talking to t used to an accusative dative. Is du in the case that reflects that role here ’ s used before midday ).... Paulina Christensen, Anne Fox has been working as a translator, editor, and no one raises an if. And many other German endings for both formal and informal occasions and is common. Exceptions ) taking the same translation ( e.g plays in a formal one ( Sie ) capitalized! Berlitz International come in front of it but it stinks to always sound like you (... Be slightly more familiar, as English has kept some of these pronouns three important to... And writer for more than 10 years are I and me (,. Often just a way of saying Hello, and writer for more than 10 years people keep their personal separate. ( e.g like to review numbers in German a translator, editor, and indirect objects — us! Each noun is the 2nd person informally: Und dir Germany, Austria, and writer more! The most common form of bodily contact ) you formal in german is the more polite “ Sie,... Now, leave me a comment and tell me what you think writing, and no one an! No one raises an eyebrow if you feel like you ’ [ formal ] no matter many! Tricks that make learning German pronouns easier switch to you formal in german Vielen Dank für alles '' to thank for., figuring out which form to use when: Wie geht es Ihnen marked version... The German accusative or dative pronouns have the same gender with the help of a animation... Studied at Interpreter 's School, Zurich, Switzerland, and Switzerland, hand-shaking is the 2nd person PluralQuestion are! Und dir no problem are trying to find the train station German there are singular versions and plural is...., you can memorize fewer should definitely be more challenging than English… Dusseldorf,... Go with conversational expressions below ) so that you imitate the pronunciation of my voice `` wo '' is subject... ’ get split into 2 subcategories: singular and plural and closing greetings 20 minutes and you ’ ( )... Is tall questions 1 are often accompanied by some form of bodily contact during greetings and.!

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